The SBA and Treasury Department have released additional guidance and announced that starting today, April 3, 2020, small businesses and sole proprietorships can begin applying for SBA loans under the new Paycheck Protection Program.

Thank you to Salem attorney Michael Keane of Garrett Hemann Robertson, PC for providing SVN Commercial Advisors with the following rules and dates surrounding the first phase of the federal stimulus plan which begins April 3, 2020.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact an SVN Advisor ( or Mike Keane directly at


When to Apply:

  • April 3 – Small businesses and sole proprietorships can begin applying for PPP loans;
  • April 10 – Self-employed individuals and independent contractors can begin applying;
  • June 30 –  Application window closes, however, the SBA is encouraging businesses to apply as quickly as possible due to the funding cap on the PPP loans and forgiveness and the high amount of expected interest.

How to Apply

Approved Lenders:

  • Apply through existing SBA 7(a) lenders, or through other lenders who are participating in the PPP loan program;
  • Portland SVA District Office has a LIST OF SBA LENDERS IN OREGON (SBA has not yet updated to include the additional PPP lenders.


  • A sample application is available HERE;
  • Payroll documentation to provide to the lender (see Payroll Costs in FAQ’s);
  • Maximum loan amounts will be 2.5 times Average Monthly Payroll

Loan Forgiveness:

  • Loan forgiveness for amounts used for rent, mortgage interest, utilities, and payroll costs during the 8 weeks following disbursement of the loan;
  • Forgiveness will be reduced by reductions in full-time employees and wage cuts over 25%;
  • Employers can avoid layoff reductions by rehiring workers by June 30, 2020.

Additional PPP Loan Resources

Loan Forgiveness

  • What if I already laid-off workers, do I need to re-hire them before I apply?
    • No, workers laid-off beginning February 15 through April 26 will not affect loan forgiveness IF they are rehired prior to June 30, 2020. Due to the high amount of expected applications the SBA suggests applying as soon as possible, you may want to reevaluate your staffing when you have a better idea of when the loan will be disbursed.
  • What expenses are eligible for forgiveness?
    • Rent and mortgage interest payments on leases or mortgages in place
    • Utility expenses
    • Payroll costs (see Payroll Costs below), subject to the same limitations used in calculating the average payroll costs for purposes of the maximum loan amount
  • Is there a limit to the amount of forgiveness for non-payroll costs, like rent, mortgage, or utilities?
    • While the CARES Act, which established the PPP loan program doesn’t place limits on non-payroll forgiveness, the SBA has indicated they will likely cap the amount of non-payroll expenses at 25% of total loan forgiveness.
  • If I don’t rehire employees before June 30, or have to do layoffs after April 26, how much will my loan forgiveness be reduced?
    • Loan forgiveness will be reduced in step with the percentage reduction of average full-time equivalent employees who are not rehired by June 30 or are laid off after April 26.
      • Example 1. – You have $10,000 of expenses eligible for forgiveness during the 8-week period following the loan. During the applicable period in 2019 you had an average of 10 employees per month, but during the 8-week period following the loan you only employed 7 employees and did not rehire additional FTE prior to June 30. Your forgiveness amount would be reduced from $10,000 to $7,000.

$10,000 costs eligible for forgiveness x (multiplied by) 70% (7 FTE during 8-week period divided by 10 FTE during 2019) = $7,000 of total forgiveness

Payroll Costs

  • What payroll costs are included in Average Monthly Payroll for the application?
    • Payroll costs are the costs of salary and wages, benefits, and state and local payroll taxes, subject to the limitations below:
      • Includes payments of compensation that is a:
        • Salary, wage, commission, or similar compensation;
        • Payment of cash tip or equivalent;
        • Payment for vacation, parental, family, medical, or sick leave (see exclusions);
        • Allowance for dismissal or separation;
        • Payment required for the provision of group health care benefits, including insurance premiums;
        • Payment of any retirement benefit;
        • Payment of state or local taxes on employee compensation;
        • The sum of payments of any compensation to or income of a sole proprietor or independent contractor that is a wage, commission, income, net earnings from self-employment, or similar compensation capped at $100,000 annually or prorated for the 8-week covered period.
      • Exclusions, eligible payroll costs do not include:
        • Compensation of an individual employee in excess of an annual salary of $100,000, prorated for the 8-week covered period;
        • Taxes imposed or withheld under chapters 21, 22, or 24 of the federal tax code (including federal payroll taxes);
        • Compensation of an employee whose principal place of residence is outside the United States;
        • Qualified sick leave wages or family leave wages for which a credit is allowed under the Families First Coronavirus Response Act.
  • What payroll costs are included when calculating Average Monthly Payroll (and forgiveness)
    • Payroll costs eligible for forgiveness are the same type as those used to calculate payroll costs for average monthly payroll costs (see prior question), incurred over the 8-week forgiveness period.
  • What time period should I use to determine my average monthly payroll?
    • Most businesses will use average monthly payroll for 219 (for non-seasonal businesses in operation throughout 2019);
    • Seasonal business may opt to use their average monthly payroll from February 15, 2019, to June 30, 2020;
    • New business (not in operation throughout 2019) will use average monthly payroll from January 1, 2020, to February 29, 2020